You humans are the lowest forms of filth on this planet. No wonder the flies are attracted to you constantly. You reek of sin and malevolence. You are not even considered humans... but asses.
~ Beelzebub.

Beelzebub, formerly known as either Triel, Daniel or Yophiel, is a former seraphim turned high-ranking demon, who is considered one of the Seven Princes of Hell and oversees the Order of the Fly. He, alongside Satan and Lucifer, form the triumvirate of Hell and is one of the Supreme Rulers of the Inferno.


Beelzebub was an angel, more specifically a Seraphim, that was once under the Archangel Gabriel and revered as a Philistine deity named Baal Zebul. Either way, Beelzebub had fallen and joined with Lucifer to become a high ranking demon in Hell.

In Catholic demonology, he is sometimes considered to be one of the first three angels to fall from heaven, along with Lucifer and Leviathan.

Beelzebub is also often confused with Satan and the two names can be interchanged, however, strictly speaking they are two separate entities and in some tales Beelzebub led a revolt against Satan (though this is most likely not true) and became the founder of the Order of the Fly. Beelzebub is the Chief-Lieutenant of Lucifer and is one of the most loyal to the Morning Star. Beelzebub is commonly described as placed high in the hierarchy of Hell; he was of the order of Cherubim or Seraphim.

Beelzebub is seen as being associated with Pride or Gluttony depending on the scholar and is also the prince of false gods; flies play a large focus in imagery detailing him and the malignant spirit can even take the form of flies according to some.

Power and Abilities

The Dictionnaire Infernal describes Beelzebub as a being capable of flying, known as the "Lord of the Flyers", or the "Lord of the Flies". He is also highly regarded by many to be the demon that is "closest to Lucifer" and one that the latter holds in high praise in terms of power and influence. Beelzebub's power and influence is great to the point where he once led a successful revolt against Satan as well. Beelzebub was shown to be powerful enough to challenge the archangel Gabriel himself with Gabriel being surprised at how strong Beelzebub is despite Gabriel being an extremely powerful angel in his own right.


He is sometimes considered to be one of the many angels to fall from heaven, along with Lucifer, Asmodeus, Leviathan, Belphegor, Mammon, Astaroth, Belial and many others.

Beelzebub was worshipped in the ancient city of Ekron until he was stopped by God. The name Baʿal Zəvûv is known, where King Ahaziah of Israel, after seriously injuring himself in a fall, sends messengers to inquire of Ba'al Zebûb, the god of the Philistine city of Ekron, to learn if he will recover. Elijah the Prophet then condemns Ahaziah to die by God's words because Ahaziah sought counsel from Ba'al Zebûb rather than from God.

Down through history, Beelzebub has been held responsible for many cases of demonic possession, such as that of Sister Madeleine de Demandolx de la Palud, Aix-en-Provence in 1611, whose relationship with Father Jean-Baptiste Gaufridi led not only to countless traumatic events at the hands of her inquisitors, but also to the torture and execution of that "bewitcher of young nuns", Gaufridi himself.

Beelzebub was also shown to be sowing his influence in Salem, Massachusetts; his name came up repeatedly during the Salem witch trials, the last large-scale public expression of witch hysteria in either North America or Europe, and afterwards, the Rev.

Myth and Legends

In the Testament of Solomon, Beelzebul appears as prince of the demons and says that he was formerly a leading heavenly angel who was associated with the star Hesperus. Beelzebul claims to cause destruction through tyrants, to cause demons to be worshipped among men, to excite priests to lust, to cause jealousies in cities and murders, and to bring on war.

It could argue that he was one of the unseen antagonists in the book of the same name (however this is debatable as the book focuses more on human depravity than the supernatural).

In Judaism, he was a mockery of the religions surrounding them that worshipped Baal, and in Rabbinical texts the name Ba'al Zebub was a mockery of the religion of Baal. Some scholars believe the name Ba'al Zebub ("Lord of the Flies") was a way of referring to Baal as a pile of dung and his followers as flies, as well as a pun on Ba'al Zebul ("Lord of the High Place")

Within religious circles, the accusation of demon possession has been used as both an insult and an attempt to categorize unexplained behavior. Not only had the Pharisees disparagingly accused Jesus of using Beelzebub's demonic powers to heal people, but others have been labeled possessed for acts of an extreme nature.

In one understanding, Ba'al Zəbûb is translated literally as "lord of the flies". It was long ago suggested that there was a relationship between the Philistine god, and cults of flies referring to a view of them as pests, feasting on excrement. This is confirmed by the Ugaritic text which depicts Baal expelling flies, which are the cause of a person's sickness. According to Francesco Saracino this series of elements may be inconclusive as evidence, but the fact that in relationship to Baal Zebub, the two constituent terms are here linked, joined by a function that is typical of some divinities attested in the Mediterranean Sea world, is a strong argument in favor of the authenticity of the name of the god of Ekron, and of his possible therapeutic activities.

Extra Information

  • Cotton Mather wrote a pamphlet titled Of Beelzebub and his Plot.
  • Beelzebub has forty-nine servitors under his command. They are Adirael, Akium, Alcanor, Amatia, Ambolon, Arcon, Arogor, Arolen, Balfori, Bilico, Bilifares, Bilifor, Borol, Carelena, Corilon, Dimirag, Diralisen, Dorak, Elponen, Ergamen, Gotifan, Gramon, Hacamuli, Holastri, Iamai, Igurim, Ikonok, Kabada, Kemal, Kipokis, Lamalon, Lamarion, Licanen, Lirochi, Magalast, Namiros, Natalis, Nimorup, Nominon, Orgosil, Pellipis, Plison, Raderaf, Samalo, Sorosma, Tachan, Tromes, and Zagalo.
  • Some scribes accuse Jesus of driving out demons by the power of Beelzebul.


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