Ars Goetia.

The Ars Goetia, also known as the 72 Pillars or the Lemegeton is a group comprised of seventy two demons with exemplary strength and their own legions. They are listed in the grimoire Lesser Key of Solomon.

Overview

Their great amount of power and leadership status among the lesser demons also grants each Goetia the authority to exert command over Lucifer's other forces within Hell. Lucifer himself is confident enough of the Ars Goetia's abilities to send them out on potentially hazardous missions, such as gathering information in the Human World, fighting strong angels such as Seraphim by themselves and searching for items that would benefit the Emperor of Hell or even destroying certain things that may be an obstacle.

Ironically, most of the Ars Goetia are not actually pure demons, but were in actuality fallen angels that rebelled alongside Lucifer during the War in Heaven. Lucifer's respect and even care for the Ars Goetia is reflected in his manner of addressing them, often referring to them as "my dear brothers" or "my beloved fallen".  While all of them are completely loyal to Lucifer, some of the loyalists are also discreetly so fearful of him that they almost desire to refuse following him. Lucifer himself is known to be harsh and cruel to them should they fail in a certain task, but he is not completely without mercy as he chooses to spare them from a cruel punishment unlike Satan.

Characteristics

There seems to be a sort of hierarchy among the Goetia; a higher-ranked member apparently can give orders to lower-ranked members. This is evidenced with the demon Satanachia holding Aamon, Pruflas, and Barbatos as his own subordinates. When a demon of the Goetia is either summoned or tasked by Lucifer, it usually involves one or more Goetia demons operating together, with the strongest members exercising command over the others, being less powerful then they. And even then, it is also due to the status that they hold such as a Count or an Earl being under the command of a Marquis.

While the Ars Goetia appear to constantly gather in Hell's council to discuss certain events alongside their lord Lucifer, they can have their own quarters within Hell, which ranges from castles, underground fortresses, or even a separate dimension that is teathered to Hell. These palaces are modified to suit the specific Goetia demon's taste.

Sources

The Ars Goetia most famous version arguably is the 1904 published by Aleister Crowley and reusing Louis Le Breton's illustrations for Collin de Plancy's Dictionnaire Infernal although using demon Pruflas' illustration for Purson.

The Goetia is inspired by Johann Weyer's Pseudomonarchia Daemonum list. The oldest known version being Livre des Esperitz. Other medieval lists include The Munich Manual of Demonic Magic and Fasciculus Rerum Geomanticarum.

Ars Goetia Pseudomonarchia Daemonum Livre des Esperitz Munich Manual of Demonic Magic Fasciculus Rerum Geomanticarum
  1. King Bael
  2. Duke Agares
  3. Prince Vassago
  4. Marquis Samigina
  5. President Marbas
  6. Duke Valefar
  7. Marquis Amon
  8. Duke Barbatos
  9. King Paimon
  10. President Buer
  11. Duke Gusion
  12. Prince Sitri
  13. King Beleth
  14. Marquis Leraje
  15. Duke Eligos
  16. Duke Zepar
  17. Count / President Botis
  18. Duke Bathin
  19. Duke Sallos
  20. King Purson
  21. Count / President Marax
  22. Count / Prince Ipos
  23. Duke Aim
  24. Marquis Naberius
  25. Count / President Glasya-Labolas
  26. Duke Buné
  27. Marquis / Count Ronové
  28. Duke Berith
  29. Duke Astaroth
  30. Marquis Forneus
  31. President Foras
  32. King Asmoday
  33. Prince / President Gäap
  34. Count Furfur
  35. Marquis Marchosias
  36. Prince Stolas
  37. Marquis Phenex
  38. Count Halphas
  39. President Malphas
  40. Count Räum
  41. Duke Focalor
  42. Duke Vepar
  43. Marquis Sabnock
  44. Marquis Shax
  45. King / Count Viné
  46. Count Bifrons
  47. Duke Vual
  48. President Haagenti
  49. Duke Crocell
  50. Knight Furcas
  51. King Balam
  52. Duke Alloces
  53. President Caim
  54. Duke/Count Murmur
  55. Prince Orobas
  56. Duke Gremory
  57. President Ose
  58. President Amy
  59. Marquis Orias
  60. Duke Vapula
  61. King / President Zagan
  62. President Valac
  63. Marquis Andras
  64. Duke Flauros
  65. Marquis Andrealphus
  66. Marquis Kimaris
  67. Duke Amdusias
  68. King Belial
  69. Marquis Decarabia
  70. Prince Seere
  71. Duke Dantalion
  72. Count Andromalius
  1. King Baël
  2. Duke Aguarès
  3. President Barbas
  4. Prince / Duke Pruflas
  5. Marquess Amon
  6. Duke/Count Barbatos
  7. President Buer
  8. Duke Gusoyn
  9. Count / President Botis
  10. Duke Bathym
  11. King Pursan
  12. Duke Eligos
  13. Marquess Loray
  14. Duke Valefar
  15. Count / President Morax
  16. Prince / Count Ipes
  17. President Glasya labolas
  18. Marquess Naberius
  19. Duke Zepar
  20. King Byleth
  21. Prince Sytry
  22. King Paimon
  23. King Bélial
  24. Duke Bune
  25. Marquess Forneus
  26. Marquess / Count Roneve
  27. Duke Berith
  28. Duke Astaroth
  29. President Forras
  30. Count Furfur
  31. Marquess Marchocias
  32. President Malphas
  33. Duke Vepar
  34. Marquess Sabnac
  35. King Sidonay
  36. Prince / President Gaap
  37. Duke / Marquess Chax
  38. Duke Pucel
  39. Knight Furcas
  40. Duke / Count Murmur
  41. President Caym
  42. Count Raum
  43. Count Halphas
  44. Duke Focalor
  45. King / Count Vine
  46. Count Bifrons
  47. Marquess Samigina
  48. King / President Zagan
  49. Marquess Orias
  50. President Volac
  51. Duke Gomory
  52. King / Count Decarabia
  53. Duke Amduscias
  54. Marquess Andras
  55. Marquess Andrealphus
  56. President Oze
  57. Duke Aym
  58. Prince Orobas
  59. Duke Vapula
  60. Marquess Cimeries
  61. President Amy
  62. Duke Flauros
  63. King Balam
  64. Duke Alocer
  65. Count Saleos
  66. Duke Vuall
  67. President Haagenti
  68. Marquess Phoenix
  69. Prince Stolas
  1. Lucifer
  2. Gay
  3. Satan
  4. Orient
  5. Poymon
  6. Aymoymon
    • Equi
  7. Beal
  8. Agarat
  9. Barthas
  10. Bulfas
  11. Amon
  12. Barbas
  13. Gemer
  14. Gazon
  15. Artis
  16. Machin
  17. Diusion
  18. Abugor
  19. Vipos
  20. Cerbere
  21. Carmola
  22. Salmatis
  23. Coap
  24. Drap
  25. Asmoday
  26. Caap
  27. Bune
  28. Bitur
  29. Lucubar
  30. Bugan
  31. Parcas
  32. Flavos
  33. Vaal
  34. Fenix
  35. Distolas
  36. Berteth
  37. Dam
  38. Furfur
  39. Forcas
  40. Malpharas
  41. Gorsay
  42. Samon
  43. Tudiras Hoho
  44. Oze
  45. Ducay
  46. Bucal
  1. Count / Duke Barbarus
  2. Duke Cason
  3. President / Count Otius
  4. King Curson
  5. Duke Alugor
  6. Prince Taob
  7. President Volach
  8. Duke Gaeneron
  9. Marquis Tuveries
  10. President Hanni
  11. Marquis Sucax
  1. King / Duke Aveche
  2. President Boab
  3. Duke Bille
  4. Marquis Fameis / Fronone
  5. Marquis Beduch / Bamone
  6. Marquis / Duke Bonoree
  7. King / Duke Berich
  8. Duke Astaroth
  9. President Forchas / Fortas / Sartii
  10. Count Furfur
  11. Marquis Margoas / Margodas / Margutas
  12. President Alphas / Malapas
  13. Duke Gorsor / Gorson
  14. Marquis Simias / Sitmas
  15. President Volach
  16. Duke Gomeris / Caym
  17. King / Count Decarabia / Carabia
  18. Duke Judifligei
  19. President Vuduch / Andrialfis
  20. Marquis Andras / Vandras
  21. Duke / President Saymon / Zamon
  22. President Azo / Oze
  23. Duke Aym / Haborym
  24. Prince Arabas / Accabas / Irabas
  25. Duke Balpala
  26. Count Lanima / Primam
  27. King Paimon
  28. King Belial
  29. King Egym
  30. President Ras
  31. Marquis / Duke Torcha
  32. Duke / Marquis Ara
  33. Count Acar
  34. Marquis / Count Paragalla
  35. Duke Ponicarpo
  36. King Lambes
  37. Duke Triplex / Complex

Connection to other mythologies

Many members of the Ars Goetia often resemble deities and monsters from other mythologies. Whether they were the actual deities of old, later impostors or just demonization of later Christian demonologists, is unknown.

Notable examples:

Extra Information

References

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